The City Paris was originally founded by a Celtic tribe called the Parisii in the 3rd century BCE. Half a century later the Roman found and sacked the settlement building their own town called Paris Lutetia. This was a rather unimportant town (pop. 10,000) but managed to stay in existence till the fall of the Roman Empire when the Franks gained control of the region and the city of Paris in 54 ACE.
Under the Franks, Paris flourished until the year 486, when the Vikings attacked the city by way of the river Seine. The Parisians sued for peace and paid the Viking invaders 7,000 pounds of silver to leave the city. The Vikings left and once again Paris flourished.
During the Middle Ages Paris grew as a center of culture and learning and had the highest population on the continent (200,000). Notre Dame Cathedral and the Louvre fortifications were built during this time. France also fought the English invasion during the “Hundred Year War”. England captured Paris in 1420, but the French recaptured the city 16 years later.
After France recovered from the ghastly war, they were ready to usher in the important changes of the Renaissance. Protestants were brutally executed during the 16th century. The atrocities culminated in the St. Bartholomew’s day Massacre in which 2000 Parisian Protestants were brutally murdered by French Catholics.
The French Revolution was centered in the city of Paris and the French royalty, nobility and aristocracy was overthrown by the starving people of France. This revolution opened the door for a young Corsican to rise from humble beginnings and lead France to a Golden Age. Napoleon Bonaparte challenged the rest of Europe and in the end allied forces entered Paris in 1814.
Paris continues to flourish after surviving a scathing Industrial Revolution and the brunt of the Second World War. today Paris has over 22 Million inhabitants and continues to survive as one of the most culturally prestigious capitals in the world.